Research suggests that Alpha Lipoic Acid is a powerful antioxidant made inside of the mitochondria that converts nutrients into energy, reduces inflammation. Improves insulin resistance, slows skin aging, helps stop muscle cramps, and improves nerve function. It also shows that Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR) is a biomarker for depression, primary amino acid involved in burning fats for fuel, crosses blood brain barrier to assist in healthy brain function, significant in forming neurotransmitters in brain to improve function and cognition.